Journal of Dental Hygiene Science : eISSN 2233-7679

Table 1

Basic Characteristics of Study Samples

Characteristic Category Total (n=4,353) GOHAI Score t of F (p-value)
Age (y) 65∼74 2,037 (46.80) 38.75±8.27a 170.56 (0.003)a>b>c
75∼84 1,859 (42.71) 35.18±8.68b
≥85 457 (10.50) 31.51±9.25c
Sex Male 1,817 (41.74) 37.29±8.73 3.335 (<0.001)
Female 2,536 (58.26) 35.87±8.93
Education level ≤Elementary school 2,381 (54.70) 34.72±8.91a 75.10 (<0.001)a>b
Middle school 743 (17.07) 37.76±8.05ab
High school 896 (20.58) 38.79±8.71ab
≥College 333 (7.65) 39.76±7.98b
Marital status Married/cohabitation 2,949 (67.75) 37.52±8.56a 66.11 (<0.05)a>b
Single 13 (0.30) 34.30±10.98b
Etc (separated, widowed, divorced) 1,391 (31.95) 34.25±9.09a
Perceived health status Good 809 (18.58) 39.11±8.12a 285.75 (<0.001)a>b
Moderate 1,955 (44.91) 38.61±7.79a
Poor 1,589 (36.50) 32.48±9.09b
Alcohol Yes 2,003 (46.01) 36.95±8.85 3.335 (0.009)
No 2,350 (53.99) 36.05±8.88
Edentulism Yes 2,761 (63.43) 38.58±8.56 −21.79 (<0.001)
No 1,592 (36.57) 32.79±8.03
Smoking Yes 1,346 (30.92) 36.34±8.96 0.557 (0.577)
No 3,007 (69.08) 36.51±8.85
Private health insurance Yes 699 (16.06) 39.96±7.74 11.549 (<0.001)
No 3,654 (83.94) 35.79±8.92
Economic Yes 1,002 (23.02) 38.94±7.81 10.175 (<0.001)
No 3,351 (76.98) 35.72±9.04
Average pocket money quintile High 818 (18.79) 39.71±8.76a 120.10 (<0.001)a>b>c>d
Middle-high 1,184 (27.20) 38.04±8.11b
Middle-low 1,162 (26.69) 36.36±7.96c
Low 1,189 (27.31) 32.94±9.21d
Household income quintile High 529 (12.15) 37.83±8.87a 42.82 (<0.01)a>b>c
Middle-high 897 (20.61) 38.55±8.36b
Middle-low 1,342 (30.83) 38.55±8.36c
Low 1,585 (36.41) 34.70±9.18c

Values are presented as number (%) or mean±standard deviation.

GOHAI: Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index.

a,b,c,dThe same character shows that there is no statistical significance.

By independent t-test or one-way ANOVA (post-test Scheffe).

J Dent Hyg Sci 2022;22:67-74 https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2022.22.2.67
© 2022 J Dent Hyg Sci