Journal of Dental Hygiene Science : eISSN 2233-7679

Table 2

Oral Health according to General Characteristics and Meal Regularity

VariablePerceived oral healthSpeech problemChewing difficultyToothache experienceFrequency of toothbrushingOral examination






GoodModeratePoorYesNeutralNoYesNeutralNoYesNo≤12~3≥4YesNo
Sex
Male12 (8.3)80 (54.1)62 (37.7)3 (1.8)17 (10.1)134 (88.1)16 (10.1)33 (19.7)105 (70.2)40 (25.3)114 (74.7)10 (5.8)122 (79.1)22 (15.1)49 (31.1)105 (68.9)
Female18 (14.3)44 (34.7)58 (51.0)6 (3.8)12 (11.7)102 (84.6)28 (19.9)21 (18.8)71 (61.3)43 (34.5)77 (65.5)1 (0.5)97 (83.5)22 (16.0)37 (31.5)83 (68.5)
t(p)3.489 (0.024)1.285 (0.589)5.272 (0.132)2.697 (0.104)2.709 (0.075)0.003 (0.956)
Age
Young adult12 (9.2)65 (51.9)51 (38.9)1 (0.6)8 (6.8)119 (92.6)8 (5.9)21 (15.2)99 (78.8)31 (25.5)97 (74.5)6 (3.8)101 (79.2)21 (17.0)41 (30.1)87 (69.9)
Middle-aged18 (12.2)59 (40.2)69 (47.5)8 (4.9)21 (15.7)117 (79.4)36 (23.8)33 (24.5)77 (51.7)52 (32.9)94 (67.1)5 (3.9)118 (82.7)23 (13.4)45 (32.8)101 (67.2)
t(p)1.426 (0.243)11.379 (0.005)26.108 (<0.001)1.858 (0.176)0.255 (0.763)0.154 (0.696)
Education
≤High school18 (10.3)71 (44.2)72 (45.5)2 (1.6)6 (6.3)105 (92.1)36 (19.5)34 (22.9)91 (57.5)55 (33.1)106 (66.9)7 (5.0)130 (80.7)24 (14.3)44 (26.9)117 (73.1)
≥College12 (10.8)53 (49.6)48 (39.7)7 (3.4)23 (14.8)131 (81.9)8 (7.6)20 (15.5)85 (77.0)28 (24.1)85 (75.9)4 (2.5)89 (80.8)20 (16.7)42 (36.0)71 (64.0)
t(p)0.525 (0.589)6.225 (0.118)12.930 (0.013)2.975 (0.088)0.548 (0.560)2.120 (0.149)
Income
Low9 (10.1)39 (42.2)43 (47.7)7 (7.0)12 (12.7)72 (80.3)25 (26.1)13 (12.4)53 (61.5)34 (32.9)57 (67.1)1 (1.1)75 (84.4)15 (14.5)19 (23.6)72 (76.4)
Middle-low8 (11.4)33 (46.9)31 (41.7)1 (1.3)6 (6.8)65 (91.9)10 (12.1)13 (18.5)49 (69.4)20 (27.8)52 (72.2)5 (7.7)59 (81.5)8 (10.9)24 (29.5)48 (70.5)
Middle-high4 (7.8)28 (52.2)23 (40.0)1 (0.6)8 (17.4)46 (82.0)6 (6.6)16 (30.2)33 (63.2)18 (29.7)37 (70.3)2 (2.7)42 (77.6)11 (19.6)16 (27.2)39 (72.8)
High9 (12.7)24 (47.2)23 (40.1)0 (0.0)3 (6.0)53 (94.0)3 (6.8)12 (18.8)41 (74.4)11 (23.6)45 (76.4)3 (4.0)43 (78.4)10 (17.6)27 (47.1)29 (52.9)
F(p)0.331 (0.897)15.708 (0.027)20.412 (0.012)0.447 (0.713)0.950 (0.441)2.699 (0.054)
Smoking
Non-smoker15 (10.7)57 (48.9)47 (40.4)2 (1.3)15 (13.8)102 (85.0)14 (9.2)23 (20.0)82 (70.8)29 (24.3)90 (75.7)5 (2.7)92 (81.0)22 (16.3)37 (32.0)82 (68.0)
Current smoker15 (10.4)67 (45.4)73 (44.1)7 (3.3)14 (8.8)134 (87.9)30 (16.6)31 (18.9)94 (64.4)54 (31.5)101 (68.5)6 (4.5)127 (80.6)22 (14.9)49 (30.8)106 (69.2)
t(p)0.202 (0.813)2.593 (0.303)3.003 (0.228)1.868 (0.175)0.279 (0.756)0.037 (0.848)
Alcohol intake
<1 time/month3 (8.1)9 (31.7)20 (60.2)3 (11.6)4 (9.1)25 (79.2)8 (24.4)6 (14.5)18 (61.1)14 (41.1)18 (58.9)2 (3.3)25 (77.3)5 (19.4)7 (23.8)25 (76.2)
≥1 time/month27 (10.8)115 (48.3)100 (40.9)6 (1.6)25 (10.9)211 (87.6)36 (12.7)48 (19.8)158 (67.4)69 (27.5)173 (72.5)9 (3.9)194 (81.1)39 (15.0)79 (32.1)163 (67.9)
t(p)1.962 (0.144)9.630 (0.005)2.815 (0.174)2.197 (0.142)0.197 (0.789)0.561 (0.456)
Meal regularity/day
≤One time regularity2 (6.6)23 (46.8)24 (46.6)2 (2.0)2 (2.5)45 (95.5)5 (8.2)6 (7.0)38 (84.8)21 (41.4)28 (58.6)1 (1.8)41 (83.9)7 (14.3)10 (17.3)39 (82.7)
Two times regularity18 (10.1)65 (48.3)61 (41.6)2 (1.0)14 (11.2)128 (87.8)20 (11.4)34 (24.1)90 (64.5)38 (25.0)106 (75.0)6 (4.6)119 (83.5)19 (11.9)49 (34.5)95 (65.5)
Three times regularity10 (14.4)36 (43.3)35 (42.3)5 (6.6)13 (15.6)63 (77.8)19 (23.6)14 (17.3)48 (59.0)24 (28.2)57 (71.8)4 (3.5)59 (72.1)18 (24.4)27 (34.2)54 (65.8)
F(p)0.391 (0.777)11.697 (0.021)15.624 (0.003)2.656 (0.078)1.373 (0.246)2.190 (0.121)

Values are presented as unweighted count (weighted %).

F: Rao–Scott test.

J Dent Hyg Sci 2021;21:185-97 https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2021.21.3.185
© 2021 J Dent Hyg Sci