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Association of Periodontitis with Serum Vitamin D Level among Korean Adults
J Dent Hyg Sci 2018;18:210-7
Published online August 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2018.18.4.210
© 2018 Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Science.

Jaemin Kim, Hee-jin Hwang

Department of Family Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon 22711, Korea
Correspondence to: Hee-jin Hwang
Department of Family Medicine, International St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, 25 Simgok-ro 100beon-gil, Seo-gu, Incheon 22711, Korea
Tel: +82-32-290-3957, Fax: +82-32-290-2570, E-mail: yonseimd@hanmail.net ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8139-6278
Received May 15, 2018; Revised June 22, 2018; Accepted June 27, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
치주질환은 광범위한 만성 염증질환으로 삶의 질, 영양섭취에 큰 영향을 준다. 몇몇의 연구에서 치주질환과 골밀도가 낮은 사람과의 연관성이 보고되고 있으며 비타민 D는 골밀도뿐 아니라 항염증효과도 있기 때문에 치주질환에도 좋은 영향을 줄 것으로 예측된다. 하지만 연구에 따라 다른 결과를 보이고 한국에서는 이에 대한 연구가 부족하므로, 한국인에서 비타민 D와 치주질환의 관계를 알아보기 위하여 본 연구를 시행하였다. 본 연구는 대한민국에서 실시한 국민건강영양조사 2012∼2014년의 3개년도 23,626명 중 20세 이상, 비타민 D 혈중농도, 치주질환의 유무가 있는 8,783명을 대상으로 다중선형회귀분석을 시행하여 연령별, 성별 비타민 D 혈중농도와 치주질환이 관계가 있는지 살펴보았다. 치아 상실과 비타민 D의 농도는 음의 상관관계를 가졌다(β=−0.028, p=0.008). 또한 대상군 중 50세 이하의 남성에서 비타민 D의 농도가 낮을수록 치주질환의 유병률이 높은 것으로 나타났다(Q1: 1.769 [1.125∼2.782], Q2:1.182 [0.743∼1.881], Q3: 0.676 [0.400∼1.881]; p=0.001). 비타민 D의 결핍과 치주질환은 진료현장에서 흔히 볼 수 있는 질환이다. 비타민 D의 보충으로 치주질환 및 낙상, 골다공증, 골관절염, 암 등에서 좋은 영향을 미칠 것으로 기대되므로 치주질환이 있는 환자에게는 치주질환의 관리뿐만 아니라 삶의 질 향상을 위해 비타민 D 농도의 일정수준 유지가 도움이 될 수 있겠다. 따라서 본 연구에서와 같이 노인뿐만 아니라 50세 이하 성인남성에서도 연관이 있으므로, 성인에서도 비타민 D 농도의 일정수준 유지에 관심을 가져야 할 것이다.
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects quality of life and nutrition. Several studies have demonstrated a link between periodontal disease and low bone density, and vitamin D is expected to have a beneficial effect on periodontal disease as well as on bone mineral density and anti-inflammatory effects. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between periodontal disease and vitamin D because the results are different in some studies and there is a lack of research in Korea. In this study, we conducted a multiple linear regression analysis of 8,783 subjects among 23,626 subjects who were older than 20 years of age, who had serum vitamin D levels and periodontal disease, who had three years of the National Health and Nutrition Survey that was conducted in Korea from 2012 to 2014. We examined the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and periodontal disease. Tooth loss and vitamin D levels were negatively correlated (β=−0.028, p=0.008). In addition, the prevalence of periodontal disease was found to be higher in men younger than 50 years of age with lower vitamin D levels (Q1: 1.769 [1.125∼2.782], Q2: 1.182 [0.743∼1.881], Q3: 0.676 [0.400∼1.881]; p=0.001). Low vitamin D levels and periodontal disease are common diseases in primary care. Vitamin D supplementation is expected to have favorable effect on periodontal disease and falls, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and cancer. Therefore, patients with periodontal disease may benefit from periodic vitamin D management to improve quality of life as well as to manage periodontal disease. In addition, as shown in this study, not only elderly individuals, but also men younger than 50 years of age are related to periodontal disease, so there should be interest in controlling the levels of vitamin D in adults.
Keywords : Adult, Periodontal diseases, Vitamin D


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