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Evaluation of Dental Hygienist Job Validity according to Judgment Standard of Medical Practice in Medical Law
J Dent Hyg Sci 2018;18:357-66
Published online December 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2018.18.6.357
© 2018 Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Science.

Soo-Myoung Bae, Sun-Jung Shin, Hyo-Jin Lee, and Bo-Mi Shin

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry and Research Institute of Oral Science, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 25457, Korea
Correspondence to: Bo-Mi Shin
Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, 7 Jukheon-gil, Gangneung 25457, Korea
Tel: +82-33-640-2860, Fax: +82-33-642-6410, E-mail: purplebom@gwnu.ac.kr
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3763-152X
Received November 6, 2018; Revised November 21, 2018; Accepted November 23, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of dental hygienist job according to judgment standard of medical practice in medical law. In this study, we conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey to evaluate the validity of dental hygienist job for 12 professors of dental college in Gangneung-Wonju National University from November 10 to 20, 2017. We investigated whether the dental hygienist job conforms to the three criteria of medical practice such as disease prevention and treatment, patient care, and health hazard. The response rates were scored and classified into four categories according to the final score. As a result of this study, dental hygienist job are classified into four categories according to judgment standard of medical practice. The higher the level of the category, the higher the degree of difficulty, and the higher the level of expertise and skills required. More than 50% of respondents answered that measuring the gingival pocket, bleeding on probing, professional tooth cleaning, oral health education, counseling after dental treatment are all three criteria for medical treatment. And these were classified into Level 4 group which requires the difficulty and expertise in the final score 4.3. It is necessary to develop and utilize standardized guidelines on the level of knowledge, education, and qualification standards required for dental practice in order to effectively allocate work among the dental personnel while ensuring the health rights of patients in the dental clinic field in Korea. In addition, there is a need to evaluate the various aspects of cost effectiveness, dental health service productivity, and health promotion contribution to dental hygienist jobs, And based on this evidence, it is necessary to continue to expand and adjust the dental hygienist job and to reorganize the dental workforce system.
Keywords : Dental hygienists, Medical law, Medical practice, Validity


December 2018, 18 (6)
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