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A Qualitative Research on Role Conflict Experiences of Clinical Dental Hygienists
J Dent Hyg Sci 2018;18:241-51
Published online August 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2018.18.4.241
© 2018 Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Science.

Soon-Young Lee, Soon-Ryun Lim1,†

Department of Dental Hygiene, The Graduate School of Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020,
1Department of Dental Hygiene, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Korea
Correspondence to: Soon-Ryun Lim
Department of Dental Hygiene, Namseoul University, 91 Daehak-ro, Seonghwan-eup, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan 31020, Korea
Tel: +82-41-580-2560, Fax: +82-41-580-2927, E-mail: dittochun4@hanmail.net, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5654-1995
Received July 8, 2018; Revised July 30, 2018; Accepted August 1, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
임상에 근무하는 치과위생사가 경험하는 역할갈등의 유발요인과 대처에 대한 본질을 탐색하고자 9명의 임상치과 위생사를 대상으로 심층면담을 실시하였다. 면담내용을 분석한 결과 업무 범위, 역할갈등, 역할갈등에 대한 대처와 한계로 이루어진 3개의 범주가 도출되었다. 첫 번째 범주는 업무 범위로 치과위생사가 인식하고 있는 업무 범위, 법적 업무 범위 및 실제 수행하는 업무 범위가 다소 차이를 보였다. 두 번째 범주는 역할갈등으로 대인관계, 업무, 업무환경, 역량, 전문직으로서의 정체감으로 인한 역할갈등을 경험하고 있었다. 세 번째 범주는 역할갈등에 대한 대처와 한계이며 치과위생사는 다양한 노력을 통해 역할갈등 상황을 해결하려 노력하였으며 그러한 노력에도 불구하고 해결되지 않는 현실에 직면할 경우 한계를 느끼고 이직을 선택하고 있었다. 본 연구결과를 토대로 치과위생사의 역할갈등에 관한 수준을 정량적으로 측정할 수 있는 도구의 개발 및 역할갈등 상황별 대처 방안의 효과에 대한 후속 연구가 필요하다.
This study was based on the experience of dental hygienists’ role conflict, and attempted to grasp the nature of the dental hygienist role conflict factor, constituent factor and coping. Giorgi’s phenomenological method was used to analyze data collected through in-depth interviews with nine dental hygienists working in a dental clinic. The analysis revealed three central meanings: task scope, role conflicts, and role conflict management style and limitations. In the first category, task scope, the range of the legal scope, and the duties performed by the dental hygienist differed slightly. The second category included role conflict due to interpersonal relationship, work, work environment, competence, and identity as a professional because of role conflict. The third category included the role conflict management style and limitations. Dental hygienists tried to solve the role conflict situation through various efforts. In the face of the reality that the conflict is not solved despite such efforts, the dental hygienists felt the limitation and chose to leave. Dental hygienists are dissatisfied with their roles because of confusion regarding professional values and lack of awareness of the professional workforce due to differences between legal scope and actual practice. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a tool to quantitatively measure the level of role conflict in dental hygienists and to conduct follow-up studies on the effects of coping strategies by role conflict situations.
Keywords : Conflict, Dental hygienists, Qualitative research, Role


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