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The Relationships between Orthodontic Treatment, Oral Health-Related Quality of Life, and Happiness of among Some High School Students
J Dent Hyg Sci 2018;18:234-40
Published online August 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2018.18.4.234
© 2018 Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Science.

Hyun-Ok Lee, Ji-Young Park

Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan 54538, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyun-Ok Lee
Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonkwang Health Science University, 514 Iksan-daero, Iksan 54538, Korea
Tel: +82-63-840-1265, Fax: +82-63-840-1269, E-mail: holee@wu.ac.kr, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1771-7481
Received June 11, 2018; Revised July 24, 2018; Accepted July 30, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
본 연구는 고등학생을 대상으로 교정치료가 구강건강 관련 삶의 질, 행복감과의 관련성을 파악하여 청소년 교정치료 관련 상담과 교육 및 치료에 기초자료에 관한 기초자료를 제공하고자 하였다. 2018년 2월 1일부터 2018년 2월 28일까지 전라북도에 소재하는 고등학교 1학년에서 3학년 500명을 대상으로 편의표본추출하여 설문조사를 실시하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 사회적 지지 항목에서 친구 지지가 교정치료 여부에 대하여 유의한 차이가 나타났고(p<0.05), 구강건강 관련 삶의 질에서는 교정치료를 받지 않는 학생이 받는 학생보다 14.09점 높게 나타났으며(p<0.05), 행복감에서는 교정치료를 받는 학생이 높은 점수가 나타나 유의한 차이를 나타냈다. (p<0.05). 자아존중감, 사회적 지지, 구강건강 관련 삶의 질 및 행복감 간의 상관관계는 구강건강 관련 삶의 질과 친구 지지, 행복감은 음(−)의 상관관계가 나타났으며, 나머지 변수들에서는 양의 상관관계가 나타났다.(p<0.05). 구강건강 관련 삶의 질에 미치는 요인은 스트레스, 교정치료 여부, 선생님 지지로 나타났고(p<0.05), 행복감에 미치는 요인은 자아존중감, 친구 지지, 가족 지지로 나타났다(p<0.05). 이상의 결과로 볼 때 치과 교정치료가 구강건강 관련 삶의 질에는 부정적인 영향을 주지만 행복감에는 긍정적인 영향을 주고 있음을 나타내므로 치과 교정치료과정에서 저작 등의 불편감을 최소화함으로써 구강건강 관련 삶의 질을 높여주는 적극적인 방법을 모색하고 행복감을 증진시킬 수 있는 프로그램 개발이 필요할 것으로 생각된다.
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on counseling, education, and treatment related to orthodontic practices through an understanding of the relationships between orthodontic treatment, oral health-related quality of life, and happiness of high school students. The subjects in this study were 500 students in Grades 1∼3 of a high school in Jeollabuk-do. We conducted a survey targeting this group; the results revealed the following: in the social support item, peer support showed significant differences in the matter of orthodontic treatment (p<0.05). In oral health-related quality of life, the students without orthodontic treatment showed 14.09 scores that were higher than the students with treatment (p<0.05). Regarding happiness, the students with orthodontic treatment showed higher scores which were significantly different from the those of the non-orthodontic treatment group (p<0.05). Additionally, upon examining the correlations between self-esteem, social support, oral health-related quality of life, and happiness, oral health-related quality of life, peer support, and happiness showed the negative (–) correlations while the rest of the variables showed the positive correlations (p<0.05). The factors having effects on oral health-related quality of life included the stress, matter of orthodontic treatment, and teachers support (p<0.05). The factors having effects on happiness included self-esteem, peer support, and family support (p<0.05). Based on the above results, even though dental orthodontic treatment had negative effects on oral health-related quality of life, it had positive effects on happiness. Consequently, it would seem necessary to seek active methods to increase oral health-related quality of life. This improvement could be achieved by minimizing inconveniences, such as mastication, in the process of dental orthodontic treatment, and developing programs that could enhance happiness.
Keywords : Happiness, Oral health, Orthodontics


August 2018, 18 (4)
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