Journal of Dental Hygiene Science : eISSN 2233-7679

Table 1

The Major Ingredients of the Beverages Used in the Present Study, as Specified by Their Manufacturers

Group Product name Brand Ingredients

 Sugar and acid  Others
Experimental groups (vitamin drinks) Bacchus-D Dong-A Pharm., Seoul, Korea Thiamine nitrate, DL-Carnitine hydrochloride Taurine, Inositol, Nicotinic acid amide, Riboflavin phosphate sodium, Pyridoxine HCl (B6) 5 mg, Caffeine anhydride
OronaminC drink Donga-Otsuka Co., Seoul, Korea Sugar, Liquid fructose, Honey, Citric acid Carbon dioxide gas, Vitamin B2, Soluble vitamins P, Synthetic flavoring agent, Vitamin mix (Vitamin B6 hydrochloride, Niacinamide, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Isoleucine, L-Sodium glutamate), Vitamin C, Caffeine
Vita 500 Kwangdong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea Liquid fructose, Concentrated apple juice, DL-Malic acid, Orange extract, Citric acid, Pectin Taurine, Hyaluronic acid-KD, Vitamin B2 1.2 mg, Synthetic flavoring agent, Sodium citrate, Vitamin C
Positive group (coke) Coca-Cola Coca-Cola Korea Co., Seoul, Korea Liquid fructose, Sugar, Caramel color Phosphoric acid, Natural flavoring agent, Caffeine, Flavor enhancer, Carbon dioxide gas
Negative group (mineral water) Jeju Samdasoo Jeju Province Development Co., Jeju, Korea - Calcium: 2.5~4.0 mg/L, Potassium: 1.5~3.4 mg/L, Sodium: 4.0~7.2 mg/L, Magnesium: 1.7~3.5 mg/L

HCl: hydrogen chloride, -: not available.

J Dent Hyg Sci 2019;19:154-61 https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2019.19.3.154
© 2019 J Dent Hyg Sci