Journal of Dental Hygiene Science : eISSN 2233-7679

Table 5

Difference of Unmet Dental Needs by the Anderson Model

   VariableYesNoχ2(p)


nWeighted%a (SE)nWeighted%a (SE)
Sex0.043(0.877)
 Male180478,71935.3 (2.7)343878,30664.7 (2.7)
 Female364576,99634.8 (1.7)6931,082,00265.2 (1.7)
Age group (y)
 20∼2935145,90133.4 (4.2)70290,78266.6 (4.2)20.865(0.053)
 30∼3941133,82233.3 (4.6)77268,13266.7 (4.6)
 40∼492883,89227.4 (4.6)82222,11272.6 (4.6)
 50∼5998219,65043.2 (3.9)139288,38156.8 (3.9)
 60∼74124176,18239.8 (3.1)214266,65060.2 (3.1)
 ≥75218296,26832.8 (1.9)450606,41167.2 (1.9)
Educational level10.824(0.138)
 ≤Elementary school286425,55738.3 (2.0)504686,76961.7 (2.0)
 Middle school5181,20029.1 (4.0)111197,70470.9 (4.0)
 High school100263,22734.8 (3.4)201493,83165.2 (3.4)
 ≥University75221,45930.7 (3.4)173500,44769.3 (3.4)
 No response3264,27144.1 (6.6)4781,55755.9 (6.6)
Hypertension0.170(0.920)
 Yes206297,90235.5 (2.3)382540,70564.5 (2.3)
 No711,40231.4 (10.2)1627,89768.6 (1.0)
 No response331746,41034.9 (1.9)6381,394,70665.1 (1.9)
Diabetes mellitus1.595(0.375)
 Yes80130,74938.3 (3.6)149210,71661.7 (3.6)
 No21,71017.7 (12.1)67,95682.3 (12.1)
 No response462923,25634.6 (1.6)8811,741,63665.4 (1.6)
Smoking10.325(0.009)
 Yes134347,60741.2 (3.0)193496,31658.8 (3.0)
 No410708,10832.6 (1.5)8431,463,99267.4 (1.6)
Personal income level10.873(0.033)
 High4599,24225.4 (4.0)127291,87674.6 (4.0)
 Middle257494,81035.0 (2.1)504917,42965.0 (2.1)
 Low238451,14038 (2.4)398735,22962.0 (2.4)
 No response4
Type of medical insurance10.705(0.056)
 Community based178380,61738.1 (2.6)315618,88361.9 (2.6)
 Employed249467,71031.3 (1.9)5351,028,66768.7 (1.9)
 Medical aid89150,21138.3 (4.1)145241,51461.7 (4.1)
 No response2857,17644.5 (7.4)4171,24555.5 (7.4)
Private health insurance4.321(0.304)
 Yes237502,13932.9 (2.0)4571,025,75667.1 (12.0)
 No298533,36937.6 (2.1)563885,63462.4 (2.1)
 No response920,20729.2 (11.4)1648,91870.8 (11.4)
Residence0.000(0.995)
 Dong419852,79435 (1.7)8021,583,23365 (1.7)
 Eup, myeon125202,92135 (3.1)234377,07565 (3.1)
Regular oral check-ups18.802(0.001)
 Yes84182,97126.1 (2.8)245518,34673.9 (2.8)
 No459870,41637.6 (1.7)7911,441,96362.4 (1.7)
 No response12,329100 (0.0)
Toothbrushing per day0.073(0.799)
 Yes5281,026,85035.0 (1.5)1,0071,908,45165.0 (1.5)
 No16288,64537.0 (7.9)2849,09763.0 (7.9)
Economic activity3.532(0.298)
 Yes239518,21433.9 (2.1)4361,011,23466.1 (2.1)
 No274474,15735.3 (2.1)555870,71864.7 (2.1)
 No response3163,34444.7 (6.8)4578,35655.3 (6.8)
Perceived oral health129.878(<0.001)
 Good3669,27317.7 (3.2)181321,01682.3 (3.2)
 Normal115239,94222.2 (2.2)404838,74877.8 (2.2)
 Poor338631,09948.5 (2.5)384669,24051.5 (2.5)
 No response55115,40146.8 (4.6)67131,30553.2 (4.6)
Toothache within a year47.806(<0.001)
 Yes252488,32743.4 (2.6)322635,70256.6 (2.6)
 No237451,98727.5 (1.8)647119,33072.5 (1.8)
 No response55115,40146.8 (4.6)67131,30553.2 (4.6)
Speaking difficulty54.150(<0.001)
 Comfortable288636,10029.9 (1.8)7301,488,28870.1 (1.8)
 Unawareness83145,89038.6 (3.8)147231,68161.4 (3.8)
 Uncomfortable173273,72553.5 (3.1)158237,44746.5 (3.1)
Chewing difficulty138.998(<0.001)
 Yes320530,95455.9 (2.3)287419,59644.1 (2.3)
 No224524,76025.4 (1.7)7491,540,72274.6 (1.7)
Periodontal disease11.744(0.010)
 Yes215386,82239.6 (2.4)330588,81560.4 (2.4)
 No238499,66631.2 (2.0)5461,104,20268.8 (2.0)
 No response91169,22738.8 (3.4)160267,29061.2 (3.4)
Untreated dental caries64.843(<0.001)
 Yes215437,03847.3 (2.8)236486,09752.7 (2.8)
 No275505,55527.3 (1.8)7341,344,11172.7 (1.8)
 No response54113,12246.5 (4.6)66130,09953.5 (4.6)
Limitation of activitiy31.715(<0.001)
 Yes713,16286.0 (13.1)12,14214.0 (13.1)
 No114206,09748.9 (4.0)134215,77351.1 (4.1)
 No response423836,45632.4 (1.5)9011,742,39367.6 (1.5)

p-values were analyzed by Rao–Scott χ2 test.

SE: standard error.

aPercentage of weighted population.

J Dent Hyg Sci 2019;19:48-59 https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2019.19.1.48
© 2019 J Dent Hyg Sci