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Enacted 11. 24. 2001
11th Revision 01. 01. 2020

Aims and Scope

The Journal of Dental Hygiene Science (J Dent Hyg Sci, JDHS), as the official journal of the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene Science (KDHS), publishes original papers on the theories, practices, and education in the field of dental hygiene. Papers of other fields and topics may be published upon approval of the editorial board.

General Information

1. Eligibility for submission
By principle, only members of the KDHS are eligible for submission; the first author or corresponding author must be a member of the KDHS.
2. Types of manuscripts
1) Manuscripts published by JDHS are classified into Research Articles, Reviews, and Case Reports relevant to the field of dental hygiene.
2) Submitted manuscripts must be original and unpublished by other journals or publications.
3. Submission of manuscripts
1) All manuscripts must be submitted via the JDHS online submission system (http://www.jkdhs.org). Refer to the "submission guidelines" for all submission-related information. The review process is also communicated via the online submission system.
2) Prior to submission, authors must ensure that all items of the author checklist (posted on our website) are satisfied.
3) Copyright transfer agreement and declaration of ethical conduct in research forms must be signed by all co-authors. The forms are available on JDHS website.
4) Authors must refer to the latest Korean Medical Association (KMA) medical terminology for Korean medical terms.
5) All inquiries regarding submission and publication must be made via e-mail (idcsk@nate.com) or phone 82-55-380-9453, 82-31-350-2418 (Editor-in-Chief).
4. Peer review process
1) All submitted manuscripts are subject to peer reviews. The editorial board makes the final decision.
2) All submitted manuscripts are reviewed (closed) by three reviewers.
3) The editorial board reviews manuscripts based on peer reviews and executes the acceptance or rejection decisions.
4) Once the decision is made (accept, reject, or revise), the corresponding author is notified. A manuscript is accepted for publication if the final revision adheres fully to the publication requirements and criteria. Rejected manuscripts are not accepted for additional reviews, and manuscripts are not published if the author has refused to make revisions accordingly.
5) The editorial board makes all editorial decisions. To promote consistency of editing, manuscripts may be revised within the boundaries of preserving the content. Once submitted, manuscripts are not returned to the authors.
5. Editing and proofreading
All submitted manuscripts may be edited additionally for technical purposes during the editing process. All edited manuscripts are sent to the authors for a final review; authors must respond to the request promptly. Failure to return the final revision within 48 hours of the acceptance decision may result in a delay of publication.
6. Similarity check

JDHS verifies the similarity of all submitted manuscripts with the existing literature using the iThenticate tool of the Similarity Check program. For more information on Similarity Check, see https://www.crossref.org/services/similarity-check/.
7. Publication of the journal and submission deadlines
1) JDHS is published quarterly (March 31, June 30, September 30, and December 31).
2) JDHS accepts submissions year-round. By principle, the deadline for acceptance decision is two months before the publication date of the corresponding issue (e.g., deadline for Issue 1 is January 31).
3) Where applicable, publication of a manuscript may be delayed even if the manuscript is accepted for publication within the above deadline.
8. Review fee and publication fee
1) Authors must pay a fee of KRW 60,000 once their manuscripts qualify the submission eligibility review and are referred to the peer review process.
2) Once accepted for publication, authors must pay all expenses incurred during the publication of their manuscript. The general publication fee is KRW 300,000 for up to six pages, with KRW 30,000 for each additional page. Authors are also responsible for paying additional expenses incurred for supplements.

Research Ethics

JDHS strictly adheres to the KDHS ethical guidelines and regulations. For other ethical regulations unspecified in the said guideline, authors may refer to the Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals 2nd (https://www.kamje.or.kr/board/view?b_name=bo_publication&bo_id=7&per_page=) and the International Standards for Editors and Authors by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (https://publicationethics.org/resources/international-standards-for-editors-and-authors). All cases of suspected misconduct will be resolved as per the COPE Flowchart (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts).

1. Ethical considerations
1) As per the Declaration of Helsinki (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/), authors whose studies involve human subjects must inform the subjects or their guardians of the purpose of the study and possible mental and physical damages during the study. In addition, authors must obtain approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB).
2) Patients' names or initials must not be revealed. Authors must ensure that patients' identities are not revealed when submitting photographs; written consents must be obtained in cases involving possible disclosure of patients' identities.
3) Authors whose studies involve animal subjects must state measures they have taken to alleviate pain and inconvenience for the animal subjects and declare that their experimental process has not violated the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals or other comparable regulations.
2. Informed consent
All studies involving human subjects must obtain prior consent from the subjects with IRB-approved consent forms and specify this in the text.
3. Disclosure of conflict of interest
The corresponding author of an article is asked to inform the Editor of the authors' potential conflicts of interest possibly influencing the research or interpretation of data. A potential conflict of interest should be disclosed in the cover letter even when the authors are confident that their judgments have not been influenced in preparing the manuscript. Such conflicts may include financial support or private connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, or academic problems. Disclosure form shall be same with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest (http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf). The Editor will decide whether the information on the conflict should be included in the published paper. In particular, all sources of funding for a study should be explicitly stated. The JDHS asks referees to let its Editor know of any conflict of interest before reviewing a particular manuscript.
4. Prohibition of duplicate publication/double submission
Manuscripts that were published and currently in review in another journal and those whose content is identical to that published in JDHS in the past will not be accepted. The KDHS editorial board and ethics committee determines acceptance after confirming that the manuscript has not been published in the past. Further, papers that are published in JDHS may not be published in other journals without an approval from the editorial board; in such cases, the editorial board may retract the publication.
5. Authorship
All co-authors must be qualified, provide adequate contributions to the study, and take official responsibility for the content. Authors are qualified when the following criteria set forth by the ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf) are satisfied: (1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; (2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (3) Final approval of the version to be published; and (4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions of 1, 2, 3, and 4. In addition, an author should be accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done and should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged as contributors not be authors. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work.
6. First author/corresponding author
First authors are accountable for the entire process of the manuscript submission, including verifying all data included in the paper, taking responsibility for the legitimacy of the research outcome, facilitating communication among co-authors while preparing the manuscript, and storing records. The first author may also be the corresponding author.
Corresponding authors are those who actually submit the manuscript for submission and handle submission matters and communications with reviewers. Typically, the first author may also be the corresponding author.
7. Transfer of copyright
The copyrights of all accepted manuscripts are transferred to the KDHS and adhere to the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. All co-authors must sign the copyright transfer agreement form, which is available on the JDHS online submission system (http://www.jkdhs.org).
8. Open access policy
JDHS is an open access journal. The person using JDHS Online may use, reproduce, disseminate, or display the open access version of content from this journal for non-commercial purpose. For any commercial use of material from the open access version of the journal, permission must be obtained from the editorial board of JDHS. All the content of the journal is available immediately upon publication without embargo period.
9. Archiving policy
Full text of JDHS has been archived Korea Citation Index (KCI; https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/po/search/
poSerePubiList.kci?sereId=002151
) from the 7(1) volume, 2007. According to the deposit policy (self-archiving policy) of SHERPA/RoMEO (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/), authors cannot archive pre-print (i.e., pre-refereeing), but they can archive post-print (i.e., final draft post-refereeing); And, authors can archive publisher's version/PDF.

Specific Formatting Guidelines

1. Manuscript preparation and editing
1) All manuscripts must be written in English. If you want to submit it in Korean, it must be translated to English after it is approved to publish it.
2) The title page must be separated from the text. To ensure fairness of reviews, only the title and abstract must be stated throughout the text, except the title page. Author names and affiliations must not be revealed in any page of the text.
3) Manuscripts must take the following structure: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion (optional), Notes (Conflict of interest, Ethical approval, Author contributions, ORCID, Acknowledgements), References, appendix, and figures/photographs or tables.
4) Manuscripts must be prepared with the Microsoft Word 2003 (or higher) on A4 paper, single column, 10-point Times New Roman, and line space of 2.0. Font styles other than italics, superscripts, and subscripts must not be used.
5) Adhere to the following example for numbering:
Example) Materials and Methods
    1. Subjects
    2. Methods
        1) Preparation of sample
            ① Unprocessed sample
2. Abbreviations and terms
1) Do not use abbreviations in the title or subtitle. However, abbreviations may be used when the title would otherwise be excessively long and when readers are familiar with the abbreviation. Abbreviations are stated within parentheses when first used in the text and used without parentheses in subsequent uses. Use only the standard abbreviations and, if possible, avoid using abbreviations.
2) Names of people, places, and proper nouns must be stated in its original language.
3) Use Arabian numbers, meters for measurement, and Celsius (oC) for temperature.
4) Adhere to the International System of Unit (SI) for other units of measurement.
5) With the exception of oC and %, numbers and units must be spaced. There must be a space before opening a parenthesis when it follows an English word or numbers.
Example) PASW Statistics ver. 19.0 (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA)
6) Equipment and reagents are stated as follows:
  • ① For equipment, state the manufacturer, city, state, and country within parentheses.
    Example) Typticase Soy Broth (Becon, Sparks, MD, USA)
  • ② For reagents, state the generic name, manufacturer, city, state, and country within parentheses.
    Example) NaCl (sodium chloride; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA)
  • ③ Use a semicolon following a specific model name or number and when stating two or more pieces of equipment or reagents. Once stated, the city and country of a manufacturer need not be restated.
    Example) Shaking incubator (KMC-8480SF; Vision Scientific, Bucheon, Korea)
3. Composition
1) Title page
  • ① Title page and text must be separated, and the manuscript must be structured in the following order: title, author (affiliation, name), running titles, contact information (name of corresponding author, addresses, phone number, fax, e-mail). Distinguish authors with a comma; add "and" before the final author with comma.
  • ② Titles must be concise and logical. Running titles must be used when the title exceeds 12 words. Capitalize the first letters of nouns and adjectives in the title.
  • ③ If co-authors have different affiliations, the institution at which the majority of the research was conducted must be mentioned first. Other institutions must be specified with superscripts next to the names of the authors (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4), with the same superscripts in front of the names of the institutions.
  • ④ The contents of the note (Conflict of interest, Ethical approval, Author contributions, ORCID, Acknowledgements) must be stated.
2) Abstract and keywords
  • ① The abstract must not exceed 300 words. It must include Background (the necessity and purpose of research), Methods, Results, and Conclusion, with providing a specific title in each section.
  • ② Key Words must be selected from the dental or medical terms found in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and must be limited to five words. In the main text, a colon is placed after Keywords, followed by a space. The first letter of the first word must be capitalized, and keywords must be listed in an alphabetical order.
3) Introduction
  • ① Authors must state the background or problems that elicited their research, but ensure to focus on only the information related to the purpose of the study.
  • ② Research hypotheses must be developed systematically, and the objective of the study must be stated concisely.
  • ③ Authors must ensure that there are no redundancies between the Introduction and the Results or the Conclusions.
4) Materials and Methods
  • ① A detailed explanation for the study design or topic and interpretation of data must be included. Authors must provide adequate descriptions of the methodology to enable others to reproduce their work.
  • ② Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance.
  • ③ We recommend authors to use SI units.
5) Results
  • ① The results of the study must be listed concisely and logically. If reporting an experiment, statistical processing is mandatory for biological measurements, which typically show high variations of measurements.
  • ② All data must be presented in a consistent manner throughout the text.
  • ③ In the text, tables or figures must be referred as follows: Table 1, Fig. 1.
    Example) ∼ (Table 1). / According to Fig. 1 ∼ / ∼ is shown in Fig. 2.
  • ④ The letter "p" in the p-value for significance level must be lower case and values must be presented to the thousandth place without rounding. For a p-value of 0.000, write: p<0.001.
6) Discussion
  • ① The results must be explained in relation to the hypotheses proposed in the Introduction. Keep in mind that the Discussion must not be a mere restatement of the results.
  • ② Authors must emphasize new and important discoveries of the study and state the conclusions drawn from the results in relation to the purpose of the study.
  • ③ The shortcomings and limitations of the study must also be mentioned.
7) Notes
  • ① Conflict of interest
    All authors must disclose all conflicts of interest, such as funding or personal affiliations.
    Example) No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
  • ② Ethical approval
    Clinical trials must mention that the study was approved by the IRB and animal studies, by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee.
    Example) The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Suwon Science College (IRB No.).
  • ③ Author contributions
    • -Conceptualization: Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
    • -Data acquisition: Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.
    • -Formal analysis: Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
    • -Funding: Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication
    • -Supervision: Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
    • -Writing—original draft: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
    • -Writing—review & editing: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.
  • ④ ORCID
    Example) Ji-Hyoung Han, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1613-2879
  • ⑤ Acknowledgements
    Authors may acknowledge researchers who have contributed to the study or preparation of the manuscript but whose contributions were inadequate to qualify for authorship.
8) References
  • ① The references must be listed sequentially (in the order they are mentioned in the text) at the end of the manuscript. In the text, cite the references with superscripts.
  • ② All references, including Korean references, must be written in English.
  • ③ References must be structured as follows: "Author: Title of paper. Journal title: page-page, year of publication."
  • ④ If co-authored, all authors must be cited for references with six or fewer authors. Only the first three authors must be cited with ", et al." for references with seven or more authors.
  • ⑤ Author names must be presented with full surname and initial(s) of the given name.
    Example) Kim YS, Marrelli D, Gupta AK
  • ⑥ References must be stated in the following form within the text:
    • • Write out the names of all of the authors for papers with two authors, and only write the first author with "et al." for papers with three or more authors.
      Example) Two authors: Kim and Park suggested…
                      Three or more authors: Kim et al. suggested…
    • • Citations must be marked with superscripts. When citing three or ∙ Citations must be marked with superscripts. When citing three or more papers, a hyphen (-) must be used between the first citation and last citation.
      Example) Jung et al.1-3) reported…needed10,12-15,20).
  • ⑦ For journal titles, use the official abbreviations or acronyms listed on Index Medicus (MEDLINE).
  • ⑧ Citing dissertation papers is limited only to the Methods.
  • ⑨ Authors are primarily responsible for reviewing references.
  • ⑩ Adhere to the style of PubMed for supplementary volumes, online journals, and unpublished journals.
  • ⑪ The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is listed in the bibliography.
    Example) Kim KE, Han JH: Correlation among halitosis, xerostomia and stress in adults. J Dent Hyg Sci 16: 370-377, 2016.
    https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2016.16.5.370
    • [ Published manuscripts ]
      •Author: Title. Journal Volume: first page-last page, publication year.
      Example) Salama AH, Zaki AE, Eisenmann D, et al.: Fine structural changes and lysosomal phosphatase cytochemistry of ameloblasts associated with the transitional stage of enamel formation in the rat incisor. Am J Anat 190: 279-290, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1001900308.
    • [ Books ]
      •Author: Book title: Subtitle. Edition. Publisher, City, pp.first cited page-last cited page, publication year.
      Example) Ten Cate AR: Oral histology. 5th ed. Mosby, St. Louis, pp.218-235, 2012.
    • [ A chapter of a book ]
      •Author of the chapter: Title of the chapter. In: Author of the book, ed(s). Book title. Edition. Publisher, City, pp.first cited page-last cited page, publication year.
      Example) Amande M HE: Assessment for community oral health program planning. In: Beatty CF, ed. Community oral health practice for the dental hygienist. 4th ed. Elsevier, St. Louis, pp.50-72, 2012.
    • [ Dissertation paper ]
      • Doctoral dissertation - Author: Title of the paper. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Name of University, City in which the university is located, year.
      Example) Killgore L: Beyond the merit of test scores: Gatekeeping in elite college admissions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Brown University, Providence, USA, 2004.
      • Master's thesis - Author: Title of the paper. Unpublished master's thesis, Name of University, City in which the university is located, year.
      Example) Kwon IS: Effect of music therapy on pain, discomfort and depression for fracture patients in lower extremities. Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University, Daegu, 2003.
    • [ Report ]
      • If authorship is clarified - Author: Title of the report. Name of publishing institution, publishing region, pp.first cited page-last cited page, year.
      Example) Kim HR, Kang YH, Yun KJ, Kim CS: Socioeconomic health inequalities and counter policies in Korea. Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Seoul, pp.137-203, 2004.
      • If authorship is not clarified - Name of institution: Title of the report. Name of publishing institution, publishing region, pp.first cited page-last cited page, year.
      Example) OECD: Strengthening social cohesion in Korea. OECD Publishing, Paris, pp.134, 2013.
    • [ Websites ]
      • Contents within a website - Name of the website: Search terms in order. Retrieved search date, from website URL(Date when the data was posted).
      Example) National wage data: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved January 19, 2005, from http://www.bls.gov/bls/blswage.htm# National(2004, April 20).
      - Ray O: How the mind hurts and heals the body. American Psychologist, 59, 29–40.
      • Data posted on a web page - Retrieved search date, from website URL.Data format(Year).
      Example) Retrieved January 12, 2005, from http://www.apa.org/journals/amp/amp59129.pdf(2004).
9) Tables
  • ① Titles must be placed above the table, and tables are marked in the following style: "Table 1."
  • ② Titles must be in the form of a concise phrase or clause without a period. Capitalize the first letters of nouns and adjectives.
  • ③ Tables must be subdivided by three horizontal lines only.
  • ④ Tables must be numbered sequentially (in the order they are mentioned in the text).
  • ⑤ If abbreviations are used, provide a note showing the unabbreviated word at the bottom of the table.
  • ⑥ Footnotes are marked with lower case alphabets (e.g., a, b, c, d) as superscripts, with notes at the bottom of the table.
10) Figures
  • ① Figures are presented in the form of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, and numbered sequentially in the order they are mentioned in the text.
  • ② Provide subtitle and a one-paragraph caption in English. Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and caption.
  • ③ Figures must be submitted in JPG or JPEG formats.
  • ④ Color images must have a minimum of 300 dpi, and black and white images, such as radiographs, must have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
  • ⑤ If citing a published photograph, authors must obtain a written permission from the copyright holder and state that they have received permission at the bottom of the figure.
4. Other types of manuscripts
General rules for original articles also apply to other types of manuscripts.
1) Review
Review papers are reviews focused on specific topics and are published at the discretion of the editorial board. For review papers, authors must adhere fundamentally to the structure and formatting requirements for original articles, but they also have the liberty of structuring their papers when necessary.
2) Case Report
  • ① Title page: adhere to the rules for original papers.
  • ② Abstract: limit English abstracts to 150 words and keywords to five words.
  • ③ Text must comprise Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Summary, References, tables, figures, and figure legends.
  • ④ References must not exceed 20 papers.
5. Miscellaneous
Matters not specified in this guideline shall be determined by the editorial board.
6. Supplementary provision
This regulation shall be effective as of January 1, 2020.

Revisions

  • Enacted November 24, 2001
  • Revised January 21, 2005
  • Revised February 5, 2007
  • Revised February 6, 2010
  • Revised March 7, 2011
  • Revised August 31, 2012
  • Revised December 31, 2012
  • Revised February 17, 2016
  • Revised October 10, 2016
  • Revised January 1, 2018
  • Revised February 1, 2019
  • Revised January 1, 2020.

March 2021, 21 (1)